Passion Week: Was Jesus Crucified on Friday?


•Entry into Jerusalem- Matt. 21:1-17; Mark 11:1-11; Luke 19:28-44; John 12:12-19


•Cleansing of the Temple- Matt. 21:12-13; Mark 11:15-19; Luke 19:45-46
•Curses the fig tree- Matt. 21:18-19; Mark 11:12-14


•Religious leaders challenge Jesus- Matt. 21:23-23:39; Mark 11:27-12:40; Luke 21:1-47
•Olivet discourse- Matt. 24
•Mary anoints Jesus- John 12:2-8
•Judas bargains to portray Jesus- Luke 22:3-6


•Some put Judas bargaining with the religious leaders on this day. Most say there are no recorded events on this day.


•Jesus eats the Passover and institutes the Lord’s Supper- Matt. 26:17-29; Mark 14:22-26; Luke 22:7-20; John 13:1-30
•Upper Room Discourse- John 13:2-14:31
•Garden of Gethsemane- Matt. 26:30-46; Mark 14:43-52; Luke 22:47-53; John 18:1-11


•Jesus betrayed and arrested- Matt. 26:47-56; Mark 14:43-52; Luke 22:47-53; John 18:2-12
•Mock trials of Jesus- before Annas, Caiaphas, Sanhedrin, Pilate, Herod, and Pilate again- Matt. 26:57-27:26
•Jesus is crucified- Matt. 27:27-56; Mark 15:16-41; Luke 23:26-49; John 19:17-30
•Veil torn- Matt. 27:51-26
•Burial- Mark 15:42-46; John 19:31-42


•The Sabbath- Luke 23:36


•Resurrection- Matt. 28:1-16; Mark 16:1-20; Luke 24:1-12; John 20:1-29

Passover was on Nisan 14 and fell on Saturday, making it a High Sabbath. There are not two Sabbaths as some suggest, but when a Jewish Festival falls on a Sabbath, then it is a High Sabbath.

Jonah’s prophecy in Matt. 12:40 is not a problem when you realize the Jews considered a day as a day and night [Matt. 26:1-5; Luke 13:32]. Jesus was in the grave before the Sabbath at 6 pm, all day Saturday, and part of Sunday. The day of preparation, the Sabbath, and Sunday are the only days referred to in the Gospels. In the Gospel references of Jesus to his resurrection, he never includes a night [Mark 14:58; John 2:19; I Cor. 15:4]. Jonah’s prophecy does require a historical Jonah who was actually swallowed by a great fish.

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